Prosthodontics is the dental specialty pertaining to the diagnosis, treatment planning, rehabilitation and maintenance of the oral function, comfort, appearance and health of patients with clinical conditions associated with missing or deficient teeth and/or oral and maxillofacial tissues using biocompatible substitutes.
Prosthodontics is the field of dentistry that focuses on the restoration of teeth that require crowns, veneers, bridges, implants, dentures or any combination of these. The term prosthodontics means, literally, "Tooth replacement".
Prosthodontists are masters of complete oral rehabilitation. A prosthodontist is dedicated to the highest standards of care in the restoration and replacement of teeth.
Prosthodontists provide multi-disciplinary levels of care, including repairing failed treatments that negatively affect the mouth and smile, treatment of maxillofacial (jaw and face) abnormalities, treatment of cases stemming from congenital disorders as well as cases stemming from oral/maxillofacial trauma or neglect and advanced dental care for complex anatomical features of the teeth, gums and supporting bone structure.
Prosthodontic treatments are designed to produce a balance between functionality, longevity and esthetics. Prosthodontic treatments include the following:
Esthetic Reconstructive Dentistry is the most advanced approach to providing fully or partially edentulous (missing one or more sections of teeth) patients with the highest level of implantology treatment. Esthetic reconstructive dentistry maximizes the structural and functional connection between the dental implant and the living bone.
If smokers do not give up cigarettes, they may be advised to choose a different type of prosthodontic treatment. Studies have demonstrated that smokers face an increased risk of dental implant failure; and since implants are expensive, steps should be taken to ensure their success. Dental Veneers and Other Bonded Restorations fall into the category of cosmetic dentistry and are used to create bright, white smiles with beautifully shaped teeth. Regardless of what causes unattractive teeth, these types of restorations may solve most or all of the issues, including severe tooth discoloration, chips, cracks and the wear and tear that causes uneven teeth.
Ceramic and Metal Ceramic Dental Crowns are prosthetic teeth designed to repair damaged teeth. Crowns are typically forged from metal, porcelain or a combination of metal and porcelain materials.
Dental Bridges are prosthodontic restorations designed to serve as a treatment for missing teeth. A dental bridge can be either be tooth-supported (most common) or implant-supported. A dental bridge is often used as a replacement for a removable partial denture.
Removable Complete Dentures are full-mouth teeth replacements designed for edentulous people. Complete dentures help people who have lost all their teeth due to trauma or poor oral hygiene, giving them better chewing abilities in addition to a more appealing appearance.
Removable Partial Dentures are designed for partially-edentulous people. People typically prefer fixed partial dentures (dental bridges) over removable partial dentures, though some partially-edentulous people do not qualify for fixed partial dentures because they lack the supporting tissues to which fixed dentures attach.
Fixed Partial Dentures, like removable partial dentures, are designed for partially-edentulous people. Fixed partial dentures are commonly called "dental bridges" and are more costly than removable partial dentures; however, they provide the most natural results for the treatment of partially-edentulous people.